tips for gardening on a budget

Money Saving Tips for Budget Gardening

Gardening is an enjoyable and fulfilling hobby, but it can become quite costly if you’re not careful. Between containers, soil, seeds, fertilizer, and other expenses, the costs can add up quickly. Luckily, there are many ways to garden on a budget while also reducing waste. In this article, we’ll explore various tips and tricks for gardening on a budget, including finding free or low-cost resources in your community.

By adopting these budget gardening practices, you’ll save money and contribute to a more sustainable and thriving garden.

How to Source Seeds for Free

The first and most important step is to check if your city or location has a free local seed library. This is a great resource for anyone who wants to start their garden without spending a lot of money on seeds. You can take as many seeds as you need and return them once you’ve harvested your plants, making it an ideal way to share and swap seeds with other gardeners in your community.

Another option is to look for a gardening program in your area. For instance, the “Grow This!” initiative in my home state of Oregon sent me free seeds for various plants and had a supportive community to back the program. It’s worth checking if your state or city has a similar program.

Grow This! Flyer in Oregon
Grow This! Flyer in Oregon

Timing and Patience are Key to Gardening on a Budget

Waiting for plants to go on sale is another idea. This may require some patience, but it can be well worth the wait. Many garden centers and nurseries offer sales and discounts on plants and seeds throughout the year, especially during the off-season.

Take this opportunity to stock up on gardening essentials and get a head start on your next growing season. Additionally, keep an eye out for clearance sales, which may offer even greater savings on plants that are still healthy and ready to thrive in your garden.

Save money on plants by propagating cuttings from existing plants. This is a simple and rewarding process that can be done with many types of plants, including succulents, herbs, and houseplants. Just keep in mind that it doesn’t happen over night and may take at least 3 months to see any results depending on the plant. To do this, select a healthy stem from the plant and cut it at a 45-degree angle. Remove the leaves from the bottom half of the stem and place them in water or soil. Keep it moist and wait for new roots and growth to appear. Once the new plant is established, you can transplant it into its own pot.

Propagating plant cuttings to grow new plants for free
Propagate plant cuttings to grow new plants for free

Second-Hand Markets are your Friend

Living in a community that prioritizes sustainable living can bring many benefits, one of which is the availability of affordable second-hand items. I was lucky to have access to a thrift store outlet in Portland that offered used items for just $1.25 a pound, which was an incredible deal. If you’re looking to save money while also reducing waste, checking out your local thrift store is always a good idea. Even if you don’t have access to the same kind of thrift store, you might be surprised by the quality and affordability of the items you find.

Joining your local Buy Nothing group on Facebook is another fantastic idea. You can create a post about things you need or even see what other people are giving up. People often give away pots, plants, and even garden tools for free.

Craigslist’s “free” section is also a great resource for finding items for your budget gardening. I was fortunate enough to source a truckload of bamboo that someone was getting rid of and used it to build a beautiful bamboo planter shelf. Keep an eye out for other useful items that can be beneficial to your garden.

Check to see if your location has a free tool library. While not available in all areas, it’s worth checking. In Portland, we had a fantastic one that helped promote self-sufficiency. We also had some wonderful neighbors who were willing to loan us the tools we needed.

Don’t forget the three R’s of sustainability: reuse, recycle, and repurpose.

Repurposing items you already have in your garden is a smart and cost-effective way to reduce waste and save money. Instead of throwing away items like old pots or broken garden tools, consider finding new uses for them. For example, old pots can be painted and decorated to become unique planters, or broken garden tools can be repurposed into garden stakes or trellises. Even items like old t-shirts or towels can be repurposed as rags for gardening tasks. Get creative and think outside the box when it comes to repurposing items in your garden. You’ll be reducing waste and adding a unique and personal touch to your outdoor space. Your wallet will thank you!

Repurposing an egg carton to grow micro greens
Repurposing an egg carton to grow microgreens

Recycle your yard waste and food scraps. Creating nutrient-rich soil through composting can be a cost-effective and sustainable way to enrich your garden. To begin composting, start by saving kitchen scraps and other materials. When it comes to composting, there are a few important factors to keep in mind. First, collect brown matter like wood chips, straw, or shredded cardboard, as well as green matter such as weeds, kitchen scraps, or manure. It’s crucial to maintain a carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of 30:1 with your greens to ensure proper decomposition. Regularly watering the compost pile, particularly in dry weather, is essential to keep it moist. In addition, ample air circulation is necessary for aerobic microorganisms to break down the waste. By following these guidelines, you can create a thriving compost pile to enhance your garden’s soil quality without breaking the bank.

Apart from composting, enhance your garden by recycling your grass clippings. Instead of discarding them after mowing your lawn, you can use the clippings as mulch to nourish your plants and soil. This not only saves you money on purchasing mulch but also provides nutrients for your garden. It is essential to let the clippings dry before using them as mulch. As they decompose, the clippings gradually discharge nutrients back into the soil and help in retaining moisture, promoting the growth of your plants.

Similarly, don’t let the fallen leaves on your lawn go to waste. Instead of raking them up and discarding them, collect them and create your own leaf mulch. To make leaf mulch, run over the leaves with a lawn mower to break them down into smaller pieces. Then, spread them around your garden to help protect the soil during harsh winter conditions. This also adds essential nutrients back into the soil, making it fertile and ready for spring planting.


Gardening on a budget can be both rewarding and challenging. With a little creativity and resourcefulness, it’s possible to create a beautiful and thriving garden without breaking the bank. By using these techniques, you can save money while still producing a bountiful harvest. Additionally, many of these practices have the added benefit of being environmentally friendly and sustainable, making them a great choice for gardeners who want to reduce their carbon footprint.

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